What is an intestinal colic?
The intestinal colic is one of the most urgent problems in the first months of your baby’s life. Intestinal colic refers to abdominal pain associated with increased flatus of a child. The first colic can appear 2-4 weeks after birth and usually go to 3 months. Colic of newborns can be recognized by the swollen tummy and shrill cries of the child, subsiding after the escape of gasses and / or feces. Most often they begin in the evening, about 5 or 7 PM.
What Causes Colic?
- Incorrect infant feeding technique, when a child swallows air together with milk.
- If the baby is on artificial feeding, the bottle should be at an angle of up to 45 °, so that the air accumulates at its bottom.
- Overfeeding. Consumption of large amounts of milk can cause gastric secretion and regurgitation. In this case, it is better to feed the baby more often but in small portions.
- Unsuitable pablum.
- The inadequate ration of a nursing mother.
- Colic is more common if the nursing mother smokes.
Products that cause colic:
The nursing mother who breastfeeds the baby should exclude from her diet:
- Dishes with the addition of spicy seasonings;
- Cow’s milk and dairy products;
- Products containing caffeine.
If the occurrence of colic is associated with the listed products, then after their exclusion from the diet of the mother, colic passes after 1-2 days.
How can you help?
Provide the baby with the right and healthy diet – mother’s milk. The most physiological at this point is feeding on demand but the interval between feedings should not be less than 2-2.5 hours.
After feeding, hold the child in a vertical position to ensure that all the air swallowed during feeding, left the stomach. Then put the baby on its side!
Between the feedings, lay the baby on its tummy for 7-10 minutes. In addition, this position helps to strengthen the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall, which also has a beneficial effect on the intestinal peristalsis.
Another important thing is massage:
Lightly stroke the baby’s tummy in a clockwise order (make about 10 turns);
Then alternately bend and unbend its legs, pressing them to the stomach (for 6-8 repetitions per each);
Flip the baby on its tummy and make several stroking movements from the sides, above the pelvic bones, move in the direction from the abdomen to the lower back.
When will they go away?
Despite the anxiety, parents should understand that colic and gas are a common phenomenon in newborns, and by 3-4 months they will go away, because by this time the child’s stomach will be developed well enough.